Hello and welcome to this video of the online course Wilderness Navigation Masters, where you will learn multiple things about the magnetic declination, like :
- How much you will deviate from your route if you forget your magnetic declination?
- When you can ignore your magnetic declination?
- How to get this year’s magnetic declination of your topographic map, even if it’s 10 years old. Yes, it’s possible.
- How to use the magnetic declination online calculator to get the declination for every place on earth.
- And the little trick to avoid forgetting the magnetic declination when you use your compass.
When you can ignore the map magnetic declination
First thing first, how much you will deviate from your route if you forget your magnetic declination?
Map magnetic declination of 2°
If your map has a magnetic declination of 2°, and you forgot to take it into consideration, walking for half a mile you will be deviated by 100 feet.
This is not a big deal, because, easy to see landmarks like rivers or mountains can be seen from 100 feet.
Map magnetic declination of 20°
But if you forgot a magnetic declination of 20°, you will arrive at 1000 feet away from your destination, and this is a very important difference, and most of the time you will be lost.
This is why it’s important to know the magnetic declination of your map and take it into consideration.
But I have good news for you, when the magnetic declination is below 3°, you can neglect it.
Actual magnetic declination from an old map
Let’s take a look at a magnetic declination diagram, and how you can determine the current year magnetic declination of your topographic map even if it’s 10 years old.
This is the magnetic declination diagram from my National Geographic Trails Illustrated Map of Rocky Mountain National Park in Colorado.
- The approximate declination at this place is 9° East at 2016
- And the approximate annual change is 00°06’ to the West.
If this topographic map have the magnetic declination value of 09°00’E in 2016, now at 2019, we have a difference of 3 years.
So, 00°06’ times 3 equal 00°18’.
If the magnetic declination at 2016 was East and the change is to the West, that means we should subtract 00°16’ from the 09°00’.
So, 08°44’E is the current approximate magnetic declination for this map in this year of 2019.
Magnetic declination online calculator
Now that you’ve seen how much you will deviate from your route if you forgot the magnetic declination, and how to determine the approximate current year magnetic declination from an old map, let’s see how to get the magnetic declination value for every place on earth.
Yes, you can know the magnetic declination from your map, but what to do if you want to know about the magnetic declination when you don’t have the topographic map of that place?
You can use the magnetic declination online calculator from the website of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
It’s a very useful online tool, easy to use, and available online 247 unless the website is under maintenance.
Before I show you how to use this tool, I want you to know that, for precision, the magnetic declination in this tool is represented using seconds after the degrees.
For example, 1°55’ (‘=seconds).
And each degree, equal 60 seconds.
Now let’s see how to use this tool.[Skip to 3:52]
How to apply the compass magnetic declination duct-tape trick
Because adjusting the magnetic declination each time you want to use your compass can frustrate you, or, you can forget it, especially when you are tired outdoor.
In order to not forget it, the duct tape trick consists of marking, your magnetic declination position, on the back of your compass using an easy to see duct tape like this.
For example, if your map magnetic declination is 20° to the West, you can mark it like that, and every time you are supposed to put the red needle in the red orientation arrow or the red in the shed, you place it on this new mark.[Skip video to 7:30]
That’s all for this trick, I’ve wanted to show you how to apply the duct tape on the back of your compass, but because it’s simple and I’m writing this video script at 5 AM, after just 2 hours of sleep, I’ve chosen to explain using a photo only.
But if you want me to show you how-to, let me know in the comments section below, and I will be happy to do it.
Now let’s go for the first exercise.
That’s all for this lesson, thank you for watching, and see you in the next one.